Siege and Capture
of the
Havannah


The following information is mostly taken from Cannon's Historical Record of the Forty-Sixth or the South Devonshire Regiment of Foot, published in London in 1851.


Whilst the 46th Regiment was taking part in the Capture of Martinique (q.v.), war had been declared against Spain, and the 46th joined the armament under General the Earl of Albermarle, destined to proceed against the wealthy Spanish settlement of the Havannah, in the Island of Cuba. On the 7th of June a landing was effected, and on the 9th the troops took up a position between Coximar and the Moro Fort. Extraordinary difficulties were encountered in making the approaches, and carrying on the siege, while a severe sickness prevailed amongst the seamen and soldiers. Every obstacle was, however, overcome by the unanimity which existed between the land and sea forces. The Moro Fort, which protected the harbour, and was regarded as almost impregnable, was captured by storm on the 30th July; on the 11th of August a series of batteries opened so well-directed a fire on the defences of the town, that the guns of the garrison were soon silenced, and flags of truce were hung out. On the 13th of August the town of the Havannah, with all its dependencies, and the ships of war in the harbour, surrendered, and the British troops took possession of this valuable settlement. Negotiations for peace were shortly afterwards commenced, and the preliminary articles were signed at Fontainebleau by the Duke of Bedford on the 3rd of November, 1762.


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