History of the 46th Regiment
1833 - 1847


The regiment proceeded to Masulipatam, where it arrived on the 17th of January, 1833, and while on the march the following General Order by the Right Honourable the Governor in Council was received:

"Fort Saint George,
4th December, 1832.

"The Right Honourable the Governor in Council cannot permit His Majesty's 46th regiment to embark for England, without expressing his approbation of its conduct during the period which it has been employed on this establishment.

"To Colonel Campbell, CB, Aide-de-camp to the King, the Right Honourable the Governor in Council considers himself particularly indebted, for the temper and judgement with which he has exercised the several important commands which have been entrusted to him by Government, and he attributes, in a great measure, to the example of Colonel Campbell, and the officers of His Majesty's 46th regiment, the cordiality and good feeling which has at all times prevailed between he several branches of the army at stations where the regiment has been employed.

"By order of the Right Honourable
"The Governor in Council,
"(Signed) Robert Clarke,
"Secretary to Government."

Four companies of the regiment, consisting of one captain, two lieutenants, two ensigns, one assistant surgeon, thirteen serjeants, four drummers, and one hundred and sixty-seven ranks and file, under the command of Captain Donald Stuart, embarked at Madras, on board the "Red Rover" on the 4th of March, 1833, disembarked at Gravesend on the 25th of August, 1833, and marched to Canterbury barracks, where they arrived on the 28th of August, and were consolidated with the depot company.

The head-quarters of the regiment, consisting of two captains, four lieutenants, one paymaster, one quarter-master, one assistant surgeon, twenty-three serjeants, seven drummers, and two hundred and sixteen rank and file, under the command of Captain Robert Martin, embarked at Masulipatam on the 5th of March, 1833, disembarked at Margate and Whitstable on the 6th and 7th of September, from whence they marched to Canterbury. During the voyage, Armourer-Sergeant Homer distinguished himself when, as a result of a heavy storm off the coast of South Africa the steering gear was damaged, and Homer was lowered over the stern, where, in heavy seas, he managed to rig a jury rudder, thereby almost certainly saving the ship

Colonel Archibald Campbell, CB, being in command of the Hyderabad Subsidiary Force, was not relieved from that duty in time to proceed with the regiment, but embarked at Madras on the 18th of March, 1833, and arrived in Portsmouth on the 18th of August following.

One company of the regiment, consisting of two lieutenants, four serjeants, two drummers, and sixty-eight rank and file, under the command of Lieutenant James Taylor, embarked at Madras on the 27th of May, 1833, disembarked at Gravesend on the 28th of September, and marched from thence to join the head-quarters of the regiment at Canterbury.

On the 12th of November the following letter was addressed by the Adjutant-General to Colonel Campbell, in reference to the distinction of "Red Feathers," conferred upon the light company for its share in the attack on General Wayne on the 20th of September, 1777.

"Horse Guards,
12th November, 1833.

"Sir,
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 1st instant, and to signify to you that, under all the circumstances stated, the General Commanding-in-Chief will undertake to recommend to His Majesty, that the distinction mentioned may be continued to the Light Company of the 46th regiment, and will, accordingly, submit that the company be allowed to wear a Red Ball Tuft.

"I have, &c.,
"(Signed) John Macdonald,
"Adjutant-General."

On the 21st, 22nd and 23rd of April, 1834, the regiment proceeded from Canterbury to Weedon, where it arrived in the beginning of May.

In September following, the regiment marched from Weedon to Liverpool for embarkation to Ireland, and arrived at Dublin on the 3rd of October. The regiment subsequently proceeded to Newry.

The head-quarters marched on the 30th January 1835, from Newry for Belfast, where they arrived on the 2nd of February. While stationed at Belfast, the regiment furnished several detachments to aid the civil power.

The regiment, under the command of Colonel Archibald Campbell, C.B., marched from Belfast for Enniskillen on the 16th of May, 1836, and was again ordered to furnish detachments in aid of the civil power. In October following, the regiment marched from Enniskillen for Dublin.

Orders having been received to hold the FORTY-SIXTH regiment in readiness for foreign service, it was formed into six service and four depot companies. The service companies, under the command of Colonel Archibald Campbell, C.B., proceeded to Cork in September 1837, and the head-quarters embarked at the Cove of Cork, on the 26th of that month, on board the 'Prince Regent' transport. The remaining three companies, under the command of Major Robert Garrett, embarked on the 5th of October on board the 'Arab' transport; the former arrived at Gibraltar on the 18th of October, and the latter in November.

On the 6th of April 1838, Lieut.-General Sir John Keane, K.C.B., was removed from the sixty-eighth to the Colonelcy of the FORTY-SIXTH regiment, in succession to General Henry Wynyard, deceased.

In June 1838, the depot companies embarked at Kinsale for England, and arrived at Plymouth on the 27th of that month.

On the 1st of August, 1839, Lieut.-General John Ross was appointed, from the ninety-eighth, to be Colonel of the FORTY-SIXTH regiment, in succession to Lieut.-General Sir John Keane, who was removed to the 43rd Regiment.

The depot companies embarked at Plymouth for Jersey on the 5th of August 1839, and in June 1841 proceeded to Ireland.

On the 20th of January 1842, the service companies embarked at Gibraltar for Barbadoes, in the 'Java' transport, and arrived at their destination on the 25th of February. They were afterwards encamped on the Savannah until the 18th of April. Upon the embarkation of the fifty-second regiment, the FORTY-SIXTH moved into the Stone Barracks, but, on the fever breaking out, encamped on the 2nd of December at the Naval Hospital.

On the 15th of January, 1843, the head-quarters, under the command of Captain Child, embarked on board the 'Dee' steamer for St. Vincent, where they arrived on the 16th of that month, and marched to Fort Charlotte. The other companies were stationed at St. Lucia, Dominica and Berbice.

The grenadier company at Berbice suffered severely from yellow fever, and also the head-quarters, which were compelled to leave Fort Charlotte, and encamp at Townan's-pasture, about three miles distant.

Her Majesty was pleased to appoint General the Earl of Stair, from the ninety-second, to be Colonel of the FORTY-SIXTH regiment, on the 31st of May, 1843, in succession to Lieut.-General John Ross, C.B., deceased.

On the 15th October, 1844, the head-quarters sailed from St. Vincent for Barbadoes, where the grenadier company has also arrived. The companies from Dominica and St. Lucia arrived at Barbadoes in December.

The regiment embarked on the 23rd of February, 1845, on board the 'Resistance' for Nova Scotia, and disembarked at Halifax on the 25th of that month, when it was quartered in the South Barracks.

On the 7th of July, 1845, the regiment embarked, on board the troop ship 'Apollo' for Canada East, and anchored at Quebec on the 20th, when it was transferred into the 'Canada' steamer on the 22nd, and arrived at Montreal on the 23rd of July; the regiment then proceeded in the 'Prince Albert' steamer for La Prairie, about nine miles from Montreal.

The regiment, under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Garrett, K.H., proceeded on the 9th of October, 1846, to Kingston, in Canada West, and occupied the Tete-de-Pont Barracks.

On the 25th of September, 1847, the headquarters of the regiment, under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Garrett, K.H., proceeded from Kingston in the 'Highlander' steamer, and was followed on the next day by the second division, under the command of Major Robert Campbell, in the 'Passport' steamer, for Montreal, on passage for Quebec, where, on arrival, the regiment was immediately transhipped to the 'Belle-Isle,' and proceeded to Nova Scotia, where it arrived on the 16th of October.


Other Sources of Information

Timeline covering the 32nd and 46th Regiments and the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 1702-1997.



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